Title IX: Energy

The Energy title of the Farm Bill addresses renewable energy programs used to incentivize research, development, and adoption of renewable energy projects and energy efficiency. As a whole, mandatory funding for Title IX decreased from $694 million to $375 million while appropriations increased from $690 million to $835 million from 2014 to 2018.  The Rural…

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Title VIII: Forestry

The Farm Bill’s Title VIII addresses forestry research and assistance, especially on private lands. Most programs are authorized primarily under the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act, the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act, and the Healthy Forest Restoration Act. Although most programs are permanently authorized, the programs that did require reauthorization and successfully obtained it include…

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Title VII: Research

Title VII directs USDA to conduct agricultural research at the federal level and provides support for cooperative research, extension, and post-secondary agricultural education programs in the states. In the 2018 Farm Bill, high priority research and extension program areas were: macadamia tree health, national turfgrass research, fertilizer management, cattle fever ticks, and laying hen and…

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Title VI: Rural Development

The Farm Bill’s Rural Development title addresses rural community and economic development through a variety of USDA programs, from broadband investments to waste and water disposal and wastewater treatment facilities, from general business assistance to rural energy, electrification, and cybersecurity.  The 2018 Farm Bill has a re-energized focus on rural public health, addressing opioid abuse…

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Title V: Credit

The Credit title authorizes USDA agricultural credit and rural development programs. It also “provides support to farmers with limited access to traditional lending markets by increasing direct loan and loan guarantee limits made by the Farm Service Agency” (USDA ERS). The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (ConAct) first authorized credit and rural development programs…

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Food and Agribusiness Merger Moratorium and Antitrust Review Act

The increasing concentration of food and agriculture has had significant impacts on the well being of family and small-scale farms, as well as on food chain workers, our food, our communities, and our natural environment. This bill would impose a moratorium on mergers and acquisitions between large farm, food, and grocery companies and establish a commission…

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Food and Agribusiness Merger Moratorium and Antitrust Review Act