Water quality is directly connected to the composition of the watershed. In the Kiefer Creek Watershed bacteria and chloride are delivered from the watershed area into the stream by storm water runoff. Because of this connection is it very important to study water quality in terms of watershed composition, non-point source loading, and storm water runoff. To do this we have begun studying the correlation between rainfall, flow, and bacteria levels using available data from the USGS, MDNR, and MSD.

Bacteria and flow