Title VII: Research

Title VII directs USDA to conduct agricultural research at the federal level and provides support for cooperative research, extension, and post-secondary agricultural education programs in the states. In the 2018 Farm Bill, high priority research and extension program areas were: macadamia tree health, national turfgrass research, fertilizer management, cattle fever ticks, and laying hen and…

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Title VI: Rural Development

The Farm Bill’s Rural Development title addresses rural community and economic development through a variety of USDA programs, from broadband investments to waste and water disposal and wastewater treatment facilities, from general business assistance to rural energy, electrification, and cybersecurity.  The 2018 Farm Bill has a re-energized focus on rural public health, addressing opioid abuse…

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Title V: Credit

The Credit title authorizes USDA agricultural credit and rural development programs. It also “provides support to farmers with limited access to traditional lending markets by increasing direct loan and loan guarantee limits made by the Farm Service Agency” (USDA ERS). The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (ConAct) first authorized credit and rural development programs…

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Food and Agribusiness Merger Moratorium and Antitrust Review Act

The increasing concentration of food and agriculture has had significant impacts on the well being of family and small-scale farms, as well as on food chain workers, our food, our communities, and our natural environment. This bill would impose a moratorium on mergers and acquisitions between large farm, food, and grocery companies and establish a commission…

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Food and Agribusiness Merger Moratorium and Antitrust Review Act

Title IV: Nutrition

The Nutrition title addresses domestic food and nutrition and commodity distribution programs. The 2018 Farm Bill increased the estimated budget for Title IV by $1.1 billion dollars, but this increase is expected to be cost-neutral in the long-run due to a decrease in estimated spending by other programs. The largest program in the title, the…

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Title III: Trade

Title III of the 2018 Farm Bill concerns USDA’s food aid, export market development, and export credit guarantee programs.  The 2018 Farm Bill enhanced the flexibility of many international food assistance programs in order to not only help those in need, but also help local economies where those people in need are located.  International food…

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